Paleoseismic phenomena in karst terrains in Bulgaria and Morocco
Dora Angelova, Belfoul M'hamed Alaeddin, Sophia Bouzid,Mustapha Filahi, Faik Farid - (32/1,2003)
During the recent years there has been a growing interest in recording and investigating the effects of paleoseismic events in surface and underground karst in almost all countries. Karst represents a reliable reference marker for understanding the potential seismicity in regions with instrumentally established low to moderate seismicity. The karst errains in Bulgaria and Morocco occupy considerable areas. The disturbances in surface and underground karst had usually been provoked by catastrophic one-act events or by repeatedly activated movements by earthquakes. The catastrophic seismic events had disturbed the naturally interrelated karst ecosystems and were the reason for rejuvenation, reactivation or attenuation of karst processes. The natural surface and underground relief had been partially or entirely destroyed, a new type of relief had been formed, the geological environment had been disturbed, changes occurred in the flowrate and direction of surface and underground karst water, wetlands of the gravitation type had been formed, natural caves, local grabens, rock-falls and landslides collapsed partially or entirely and terrains were subjected to subsidence and destruction, the ecological balance in urbanized territories had been disturbed. The present work considers the different types of paleoseismic phenomena in the karst terrains in Bulgaria and Morocco. Recommendations are given for the protection of these areas.